Plants Endemic to Bhutan Himalaya

Email

Bhutan has been described as a natural paradise. Even as the world mourns the loss of its ecology, this small Himalayan Kingdom is emerging as an example to the international community, with 72 per cent of its land still under forest coverage and a great variety of rare plant and wildlife species.

 

Wedged between China and India Bhutan's terrain ranges from the subtropical foothills to as low at 1500 Meter above sea level through the temperate zones to dizzying heights of over 7300 meters. In historical records, Bhutan was known as Lhojong Menjong ‘ the southern valley of medicinal herbs’. Besides these rare herbs, the Bhutanese seasons are reflected in full colour by wildflowers and plants which carpet the mountainsides.

 

Although Bhutan is a mountainous country it doesn’t welcome Mountaineers. It may sound absurd for many. Bhutan has a total of 18 peaks among which the only one is open for tourists to climb. Several attempts were made by climbers to climb Bhutan’s second-highest peak ‘Gangkhar Phensum’ in the past. However, they failed because Bhutan chose to remain closed for mountaineers. Bhutan clearly understands that if climbing in Bhutan was entertained then in future, Bhutan will experience so many natural hazards and there would be a disturbance to flora and fauna endemic to Bhutan. The eastern Himalayan global biodiversity hotspot.

 

Many species in the past considered to be endemic to Bhutan are now known to be distributed beyond its political boundaries. The flora of Bhutan and later publication have recorded some 212 species of plants as endemic to Bhutan. Over 5600 species of vascular plants occur in Bhutan of which 423 are orchids including 54 species of new records and some 46 Rhododendrons.

 

Considering the small size of the country in the region, 144 plants is a great diversity of endemism attributed to Bhutan’s high altitudinal and climatic variation and strong conservation ideals of the country under the dynamic leadership of Nobel kings. The great fourth king of Bhutan, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck is widely known as the father of conservation in Bhutan.

 

Today Bhutan’s protected area spread over the 10 different locations representing various ecological zones and covers more than 50% of the total land area of almost 20,000 square kilometres making Bhutan a crown jewel of the eastern Himalayas.

 

The parks astounding beauty attracts thousands of international tourists to relish its rich biodiversity. Major trekking routes and majestic mountain peaks such as Jomolhari, Masagang, Jichu drakey, Tsherinmgang and many more glories trek are found in the park. For the trekking enthusiasts, contact Druk Asia.  

Writer- Tshering Denkar 



Related Posts

Symbolism Of The Colourful Prayer Flags Of Bhutan

Learn about the rich symbolism of the colourful prayer flags of Bhutan.

Feb 16, 2020 23:28

Marriage – Bhutanese Style

Discover the fascinating events which take place as Bhutanese couples are blessed through a series of rituals.

Feb 14, 2020 23:18

Dessuups- The Guardians of Peace

Desuups program first started in 2011 under the patronage of His Majesty the 5th King of Bhutan. So far 4,457 Bhutanese...

Feb 14, 2020 16:18

Amazing King Of Bhutan - 5 Surprising Things You Never Thought A...

Find out why the King of Bhutan is also known as the ‘People’s King’.

Feb 10, 2020 23:18

The Significance Of Lighting Butter Lamps In Bhutan

The lighting of butter lamps is an act rich in symbolism in Buddhism.

Feb 04, 2020 23:28

INTERESTING BHUTANESE TRADITION & CULTURE

Ornate penises flanking doorways, hanging off rooftops, painted on the sides of homes, as signage and on window...

Feb 04, 2020 10:44

Latest

News

Bhutan Kickstarts First Ever Space Week – Hopes To Spark Interest In Space Technology

Since the launch of Bhutan’s first satellite, Bhutan-1, the space sector has garnered a lot of interest in the country.

Feb 17, 2020 23:18

Bhutan Seeks To Export Its ‘High Value, Low Volume’ Organic Products Overseas

The government, through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, would provide support to establish trade links.

Feb 12, 2020 23:28

Features

Symbolism Of The Colourful Prayer Flags Of Bhutan

Learn about the rich symbolism of the colourful prayer flags of Bhutan.

Feb 16, 2020 23:28

Marriage – Bhutanese Style

Discover the fascinating events which take place as Bhutanese couples are blessed through a series of rituals.

Feb 14, 2020 23:18

Sports

Karma – Female Archer From Bhutan Qualified For Tokyo 2020 Olympic Quota

Karma has been specialising in Olympics-style archery since 2009.

Nov 30, 2019 13:18

Bhutan’s Pelden Wangchuk Wins 10th Edition Of Tour 0f Dragon Mountain Bike Race

This year, the race also saw the highest number of female participants compared to past years.

Sep 10, 2019 01:08

Business

Economic Roadmap Needed To Steer Bhutan Towards Higher GDP Growth

The Lyonchhen said that the economic figures will improve in 2020 as 70 percent of the capital investments still lie unused.

Jan 17, 2020 23:38

Celebrating Bhutan’s entrepreneurs: Tashi Wangdi of iHub

This story is part of an exclusive feature by Yeewong Magazine in Dec 2018 on celebrating entrepreneurship in Bhutan.

Jan 12, 2020 23:38

Travel

Forging the Unbeaten Trail Towards Wangdue Nye

When you dedicate year 2020 to hike on unbeaten trails in Bhutan.

Jan 21, 2020 10:58

Make Your Own Personalised Stamps And Discover Bhutan’s Postal History At The Postal Museum

The Bhutan Postal Museum in Thimphu is also a major tourist attraction.

Jan 18, 2020 21:08

Lifestyle

Nightlife in Bhutan

The nightlife is delaying the day by engaging with fun and recreational activities at owl hours. Thimphu Nightlife could fascinate you.

Feb 08, 2020 12:22

Bhutan- The Wedding Destination in Asia

Bhutan, a Himalayan kingdom, is a landlocked country located between China and India. With its reputation for mystery and magic, stunning...

Jan 23, 2020 09:07

Subscribe to our newsletter

Never miss out on new happenings and news stories!

Download Daily Bhutan Mobile App

Connecting with us just got easier!