Active Steps Recommended At Conference For Bhutan To Maintain Its Carbon Neutral Status Towards 2050

Email

The study suggests the enhancement of carbon absorption by forest management as a key to maintaining a carbon neutral Bhutan after 2030.

Scenic trek to the Laya Highlands of Bhutan. (Source: Druk Asia)

 

By Choki Wangmo Kuensel

If Bhutan is to continue to bask on the status as being the “only carbon neutral country” in the world, it must do more in terms of waste management, land use, and the development of energy technology.

Speaking at the ‘International Conference on Urban Development and Well-Being’ in Thimphu, Kei Gomi (PhD), a senior researcher with the National Institute for Environmental Studies in Japan, presented the development of a carbon neutral scenario in Bhutan towards 2050.

Together with his team, Kei Gomi assessed the possibility of Bhutan being able to keep the status of a carbon neutral country by 2050 using a quantitative scenario approach.

Study divided into two projected scenarios

The ExSS (Extended Snapshot) tool, a quantification model, was used to project future scenarios with different assumptions, socio-economic development and related policies.

The study was divided into two scenarios—business as usual (BaU) and carbon neutral (CN). In the former scenario, socioeconomic development takes place according to the targets and projections of the government, considering that there is no change in energy technology and land use pattern.

As for the CN scenario, socioeconomic development will take place with the implementation of an efficient climate policy to reduce emissions and to increase carbon sink.

 

Pristine forests of Bhutan, taken on the trek to the Laya Highlands.

Photo: Druk Asia

 

According to Kei Gomi, Greenhouse gas emission in Bhutan was estimated at about 2.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2014 while the annual sink estimate is around 6.3 million tonnes.

The largest emission comes from the transport sector. The Ministry of Information and Communications and Transport Statistical Bulletin 2018 reported that there were 100,000 vehicles in Bhutan, which is only expected to grow with rising population and economic growth.

“Hydropower will always be the main energy source; however, it is uncertain due to the impact of climate change on the sector. Moreover, oil demand will increase seven-fold by 2050 in a BaU scenario,” said Kei Gomi.

Carbon absorption by forest management crucial to maintaining a carbon neutral Bhutan

The study suggests the enhancement of carbon absorption by forest management as a key to maintaining a carbon neutral Bhutan after 2030.  

“The carbon sink by forest in the year 2030 will be 3.8 and 3.6 by 2050. As a result, greenhouse gas emission could exceed the carbon sink in 2030 and the net emission can reach 2.7 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents in 2050.”

According to the CN scenario, reducing oil demand in the transport sector by using electric vehicles, efficient technologies in buildings, industries, sustainable land use, and proper waste management could keep the net emission almost to zero by 2050.

The study was carried out in collaboration with the National Environment Commission and relevant agencies. Demography, economy, transport energy demand, energy supply, agriculture, land use and waste data from the country were analysed.

 

This article first appeared in Kuensel and has been edited for Daily Bhutan.

 


Related Posts

In A Bid To Remain Carbon Neutral, Bhutan Aims To Buy More...

It is estimated that through the initiative, Bhutan will reduce carbon emissions by 93,000 tons over the lifetime of one...

May 10, 2019 20:28

Pristine Bhutan Strives To Maintain A Carbon Neutral Development...

Bhutan is also a biodiversity hotspot with over 6000 species of flora and approximately 1900 species of fauna.

Jan 25, 2019 17:38

‘Bhutan For Life’ Aims To Safeguard Its Protected Areas And...

The ‘Protected Areas’ in Bhutan comprises of four national parks, four wildlife sanctuaries and one nature reserve.

Dec 14, 2018 11:07

Carbon Negative Bhutan Strives To Maintain Its Status As The...

The mountainous state absorbs three times more carbon dioxide than it emits, thanks mainly to the lush forests covering...

Oct 12, 2018 17:36

Study Finds Homestays And Eco-tourism Helped Preserve Bhutan’s...

The evaluation found that 98 percent of the homestays used exclusive traditional products like local food products and...

Aug 25, 2018 16:17

Bhutan Trust Fund for Environment Conservation Approved Nu 90.63m...

Two projects will be focussing on adaptation, another two on mitigation, three on security and one on social well-being.

Jan 19, 2019 11:41

Latest

News

Remembering His Majesty the Fourth Druk Gyalpo’s Legacies On His 64th Birthday

During His Majesty the Fourth Druk Gyalpo’s 34 year reign, he has implemented many landmark policies.

Nov 12, 2019 20:28

EU Supports Capacity Building To Improve Bhutan’s Export Diversification

Bhutanese products selected for export and market diversification are ginger, turmeric, mushrooms and yak dairy.

Nov 07, 2019 23:58

Features

Global Happiness Alliance Aims To Spread Concept Of Gross National Happiness Worldwide

The alliance seeks to enhance the understanding of GNH as a concept and to spread it all around the world.

Nov 08, 2019 23:08

Zoedue – Fermented Cheese Made By The Brokpas Of Sakteng Sees Increasing Demand

Zoedue has become a lucrative business in Sakteng ever since motor-road accessibility improved.

Nov 05, 2019 23:48

Sports

Bhutan’s Pelden Wangchuk Wins 10th Edition Of Tour 0f Dragon Mountain Bike Race

This year, the race also saw the highest number of female participants compared to past years.

Sep 10, 2019 01:08

Tour Of The Dragon – Toughest One Day Bike Race Starts On 7 September In Bhutan

It takes sheer toil and stamina for the top riders to complete the 268 km race which finishes at the capital, Thimphu.

Sep 06, 2019 23:58

Business

Gakyed Gatoen - Festival of Happiness Seeks To Promote Bhutan’s Products

The idea of the festival was to enable tourists and Bhutanese to learn about the traditional cottage industry.

Nov 01, 2019 23:28

Cottage & Small Industries Flagship Programme Rolled Out In Bhutan, Set To Create More Jobs

The CSI sector was identified as one the flagship programme in view of its greater socio-economic roles in Bhutan.

Oct 11, 2019 15:38

Travel

Bhutan’s Black-Necked Crane Festival Drawing More Foreign Tourists

Some 500 tourists from around the world came to Bhutan to see the Black-Necked Crane festival, exceeding the number of locals.

Nov 14, 2019 23:18

Bhutan Bird Festival Set Bird Watching Haven Of Zhemgang Abuzz

Zhemgang is home to more than 500 species of birds, which is an area much sought after by bird watchers from around the world.

Nov 13, 2019 12:48

Lifestyle

Bhutanese Textiles To Be Exhibited In Paris Trade Fair 2020

The exhibition is an initiative of the EU-Bhutan Trade Support project.

Nov 10, 2019 12:48

Launch Of Karen Greenspan’s Footfalls From The Land Of Happiness: A journey Into The Dances Of Bhutan

The book delves into familiar subjects that are what continues to shape Bhutan’s image.

Oct 05, 2019 10:18

Subscribe to our newsletter

Never miss out on new happenings and news stories!

Download Daily Bhutan Mobile App

Connecting with us just got easier!